General & Mortgage Jargon Buster
Accident, Sickness, Unemployment Insurance (ASU)
This policy pays a percentage of the monthly mortgage payment if you cannot work because of one or more of the instances. It only covers specific incidents and will be paid for a pre-defined period.
Adverse Credit (Also Impaired Credit)
A term used to describe someone with a history of poor credit transactions. This could include late payments, County Court Judgements (CCJ'S), arrears or bankruptcy.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
The interest rate used for comparison between mortgages that includes mortgage repayments and any other associated fees charged, such as application, redemption or legal fees.
Usually measured in months or £'s. This is the measure by which mortgage payments are behind schedule.
A person or company that is relieved from the payment of all debts by a court order after the surrender of all assets.
The court proceedings that relieve a debtor who owes more than his/her assets by transferring his/her assets to a trustee appointed by the court.
Gross pay before tax is deducted.
Broker (Also Intermediary)
A person who brings parties together and assists in negotiating terms.
A policy which pays the cost of rebuilding or repairing your house if it is damaged or destroyed.
Charges which a person has committed to pay, which could include mortgage payments, maintenance payments, car loans or any other loans or credit payments.
Early Redemption Charge
A charge applied to repay a mortgage within a specified period, normally shown as a number of month's payments or %.
An owner's financial stake in a property. It is the difference between the value of the property and the outstanding loan amount.
If more than one loan is secured on the property, the lender with the first charge has the first call on the property if the borrower defaults on the loan.
First Time Buyer (FTB)
A person that has never previously owned a property.
A property where you own both the property and the land on which it is built.
Where another mortgage is given on a property by an existing lender.
Higher Lending Charge
If the loan to value on the property (LTV) is above a certain value, this fee is payable, normally on completion of the mortgage.
Home Buyers Report
A type of property survey, which is more detailed than a mortgage valuation, but less detailed than a structural survey.
Lenders will use a multiplier against a borrowers income by taking references against his/her employer or accountant.
A mortgage where the borrower is only required to pay the interest due on the principle mortgage amount during the specified term. The principle loan must be repaid at the end of the term.
Intermediary (Or Introducer)
A person who brings parties together (borrowers and lenders in particular) and assists in negotiating terms.
Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA)
Normally an alternative to bankruptcy proceedings, where someone makes a voluntary arrangement with their creditors through the law courts for the settlements of debts. The payments normally work out around 0.80 pence in every pound owed, and results in a compulsory remortgage in the 4th year of the 5 year agreement.
The total income of two people sharing the repayment of a mortgage.
A record of prospective borrowers payment history prepared by his/her previous landlord.
A document held by the land registry documenting who has a claim on your property.
A policy, which pays a lump sum on the death of the policy holder.
Loan to Value (LTV)
The ratio of the loan amount to the value of your property. Example: £80,000 against a property value of £100,000 would be 80% LTV.
Length of Employment
Most lenders will want to see at least the last 12 months employment history, employed or self - employed.
Local Authority Search
A check carried out by the buyer's solicitor to check there are no proposed developments in the area, for example new roads or buildings.
London Inter Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR)
Is the rate at which banks in London can borrow in the financial markets.
If a person owns more than one property, this is the one in which they spend most time.
Payments made to an ex partner to cover the costs of bringing up children of the relationship.
A self-contained unit with 2 or more floors, which only occupies a part of the building.
Most lenders require a minimum property valuation of £25,000 for acceptance of a mortgage application.
A legal document that secures a loan against a property.
The assessed market value of a property according to a qualified surveyor to enable the lender to assess the amount of the mortgage loan they are prepared to offer.
The mortgage borrower.
The income of a self employed person or company after running costs and taxes have been deducted.
The amount earned over and above basic salary (second jobs, working family tax credit, pensions etc, may be taken into account, depending on the lender in question).
Previous Lenders Reference
A record of your repayment record with previous lenders.
A mortgage offer in principle based solely on the information given by the client. Any information not given may change the scheme and repayments offered.
An illustration showing the approximate monthly costs of a mortgage and other terms and conditions that may apply.
The process of paying off a mortgage completely.
The process of paying off one mortgage with the proceeds from a new mortgage using the same property as security.
How you choose to pay back a mortgage, either Interest Only (endowment) or Capital and Interest (repayment).
Mortgages where monthly payments are made up of part interest and part capital repayment.
The legal process by which a borrower is deprived of his/her interest in the property as a result of default. This usually involves the eventual sale of the property.
A sum of money held back from the original loan amount pending completion of outstanding repairs or improvements.
Right To Buy
A tenant in a council owned property may purchase the property at a discounted purchase price depending on the length of the tenancy.
If more than one loan is secured against a property, the lender with the first charge has the first call on the property in event of default. Second charges and loans from subsequent lenders basically get the remains of the equity.
A person who operates as a sole trader or as part of a partnership.
If it is difficult to provide substantiated confirmation of your income, you can choose to self certify your income by signing a declaration stating your income and that you can afford the loan repayments.
A person who currently rents and occupies a property who is currently protected by the law, from being removed.
Requirements on the mortgage offer that must be met before completion (explanation of arrears, CCJ's etc.).
A tax payable on the property depending on the purchase price.
A building built using normally accepted techniques and traditional materials, for example, bricks and mortar with a lead tiled roof.
A thorough examination of a property by a qualified surveyor.
A one roomed flat, normally with a bathroom and a separate kitchen.
Timber Framed Property
A building that has been constructed using wooden parts as structural members and does not have a cavity wall.
A policy that protects you in the event of loss resulting from defects in the title specific to the property.
A property without any loans or borrowing on it.
See mortgage valuation.